GUIDELINES

FOR

IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME

 

ON

 

MINI MISSION-II

 

OF

 

THE JUTE TECHNOLOGY MISSION ( JTM )

 

 

                                                                                                         

 

 

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COOPERATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Printed and circulated  by :

 

DIRECTORATE OF JUTE DEVELOPMENT

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COOPERATION

NIZAM PALACE, KOLKATA - 700020

 

PREFACE

 

            Jute is one of the important commercial crops in India. In trade and industry, however, the term used as raw jute which comprises of jute and mesta and as such both the crops are taken together to deal various aspects. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy, particularly, in the eastern and north eastern India. Now a days, the people in the world are very much worried about the growing environmental pollution and ecological degradation and they are trying to find out a solution of this problem. In the process they find out the virtue of the use of a natural fibre like jute. Jute was originally considered as the source of raw material for packaging industries only, but it has now emerged as a versatile raw material for diverse applications such as in the textile industries, in the paper industries, in building and automotive industries, use as soil saver, use as decorative and furnishing materials, etc. Being a biodegradable annual natural renewable source, it is considered as an environment friendly crop.

 

            In earlier years, jute was considered as a golden fibre but thereafter it has to pass through different ups and downs. The main problems came in the way with the introduction of synthetic fibre by the end sixties/early seventies. After the development of diversified products from the jute fibre and due to growing concern about the environment pollution, the importance of jute has again revived. Jute being a natural annual renewable source of raw material, biodegradable, safe, non-toxic and become environmental friendly and thus offer excellent textile fibre and raw material to other utility products, apart from raw materials in the packaging industries in this environmentally vulnerable world. Even though jute agriculture is suffering from various problems, but it is meeting the requirement of raw material to our industries. Virtually, there was no scope of increasing the area under the crop to meet the additional requirement. Accordingly, the additional requirement has to be made through increasing the productivity only. Considering the present day requirement and future projections, jute is not only to be considered in its quantitative perspective but its qualitative aspects are also to be taken care of.

 

           Giving due importance of the jute sector, the Government of India has launched the Jute Technology Mission (JTM) with effect from 2006-07 for the overall development of jute sector. Out of the four Mini Mission under JTM, the  Mini Mission-II will look after the development/extension of raw jute agriculture. The entire activities on Jute Technology Mission will be coordinated by Ministry of Textiles. The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India is responsible to implement programmes under the Mini Mission-II of the Jute Technology Mission. Accordingly, a detailed programme for development of jute agriculture has been formulated.

 

            Considering the past experience and the importance of Mini Mission-II of Jute Technology Mission (JTM) for the development of jute agriculture, a detailed guidelines for implementation of MM-II of JTM has been prepared. Different states/organizations will implement the scheme as per the guidelines.

             I am grateful to Dr. N.B. Singh, Agriculture Commissioner and Shri S.L. Bhat, Joint Secretary (Crops) for their support.  I am very thankful to Dr. H.C. Gautam, Additional Commissioner (Crops) for guidance and valuable suggestions in the preparation of guidelines. I am thankful to the officers and staff of the Directorate of Jute Development for their assistance in the preparation of this guideline.

 

            I hope, this booklet of guidelines will be helpful to all the agencies connected in the implementation of Mini Mission-II of JTM.

 

 

 

Date:                                                                                        (S. K. Biswas)

                                                                                                   Director

Place: Kolkata                                                        Directorate of Jute Development

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

Sl. No.

SUBJECT

PAGE NO

1.

Background

1

2.

Objective and Strategy

1

3.

Area of operation and coverage under the programme

2

4.

Target

2

5.

Components of Mini Mission-II

2

5.1

Components to be implemented by the state governments

2

5.2

Components to be implemented by other organisations

3

6.

Guidelines for implementation of the components

4

6.1

Components to be implemented by the state governments

4

6.1.1

Seed/Planting Material

4

6.1.2

Implements

5

6.1.3

Technology Demonstration

6

6.1.4

Essential Nutrient Minikit

7

6.1.5

Foliar Spray of Urea

7

6.1.6

Soil Ameliorants

7

6.1.7

Post Harvest Operation

8

6.1.8

Integrated Pest Management

10

6.1.9

Farmers’ Training

11

6.1.10

Farmers’ Visit

11

6.1.11

Farmers’ Field School

12

6.1.12

Establishment of Model Ramie Farm

12

6.1.13

Contingency to state governments

13

6.1.14

New Intervention

13

6.1.15

General

13

6.2

Components to be implemented by other organisations

14

6.2.1

Seed/Planting Material

14

6.2.2

Frontline Demonstration

16

6.2.3

National and State Level Training

18

6.2.4

Publicity/Monitoring/Evaluation/Seminar/Meeting/ Workshop/etc. by the Directorate of Jute Development

19

6.2.5

Adaptive Trials/Contract Farming

20

7.

Review and monitoring

20

8.

National Level Monitoring Team

21

Annexure-I

Pattern of financial assistance of various components of Mini Mission – II of JTM

22

 

 

 

 

GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME ON MINI MISSION-II OF THE JUTE TECHNOLOGY MISSION ( JTM )

 

 

1. Background

 

1.1       The Government has given special importance to jute crop. The Ministry of Textiles has announced the National Textile Policy, 2000 in which the Textile Ministry has mentioned that Government recognized the significance of jute in India’s economy especially for the eastern and north-eastern part of the country. The Government has given a special impetus to the jute sector in the country. Accordingly, to improve the jute sector, a National Policy on Jute has been announced by the Government of India considering its special importance. Realizing the problems of the jute economy and to make it more competitive, the Jute Technology Mission (JTM) has been launched with effect from 2006-07. The Jute Technology Mission has four Mini Missions, viz., Mini Mission-I, Mini Mission-II (MM-II), Mini Mission-III and Mini Mission-IV. The Mini Mission-I will look after the research activities on jute; Mini Mission-II will look after the development/extension of raw jute ( jute , mesta and allied fiber ); Mini Mission-III will look after the marketing of raw jute and Mini Mission-IV will look after the processing, utilization and industrial aspects of raw jute. The entire activities on Jute Technology Mission will be coordinated by a Common Body i.e. Empowered Committee. The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India is responsible to draw up programme under the Mini Mission-II of the Jute Technology Mission. Accordingly, a detailed programmes for development of raw jute( hereafter jute in short) have been developed  under Mini Mission-II of JTM.

 

2. Objectives and Strategy

 

2.1   The main objective of MM-II of JTM is be to increase the productivity and to improve the quality of fiber. To achieve these objectives, following strategies are being adopted.

 

2.2  Since the prospect of horizontal expansion of the area under jute and mesta is     limited, there would be a thrust on increasing productivity to achieve the higher production level and also to achieve improvement in quality of the fibre keeping in view the prospect of price and diversified uses of jute;

 

2.3   Production of breeder seed/foundation seed/certified seed would be accelerated;

 

2.4  Providing technical know-how through a well managed extension services at the grass-root level;

 

2.5  Coordinating the existing level of services, adaptive research, extension, input supply;

 

2.6  In addition to jute and mesta, development programme also will be extended to sunnhemp, ramie and sisal crops;

 

2.7  For ramie crop, facilities will be created for production and distribution of rhizome.

 

3.  Area of operation and coverage under the programme

 

3.1       The programme will be implemented in most of the major jute and allied fiber growing states. The programme will cover jute and allied fiber crops, such as jute, mesta, sunnhemp, ramie, sisal. However, for ramie, the programme will be implemented in some selected districts to be decided by the State Governments and only in a concentrated manner within the district. 

 

3.2        The programmes on jute will be implemented in the states of Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Orissa, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

 

3.3        The mesta programmes will be implemented in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Meghalaya, Orissa and Tripura.

 

3.4         The programmes of sunnhemp will be implemented in the State of Uttar Pradesh.

 

3.5      The ramie programmes will be implemented in five states, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and West Bengal.

 

3.6       The Department will have the flexibility to include or exclude States in the Mini Mission-II depending on the ground situation in consultation with States. 

 

4.  Target 

 

4.1       The objective of the scheme  is to increase the production,  productivity of the crop along with the improvement in quality of fibre.  State-wise target of production will be fixed on yearly basis .

 

 5.  Components of Mini Mission-II of JTM

 

      Considering the objective and strategy of the programme, various components have been included in the MM-II.  A Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Special Jute Development Programme (SJDP) has been in operation, which has been subsumed under the Macro Management Mode from October, 2000. On launching the MM-II of JTM, the existing SJDP under Macro Management Mode in the concerned states will cease to operate. Some of the components of the programme will be implemented by the state governments and the fund for these components will be released to the concerned state governments. Some of the components of the programme will be implemented by different organizations and to be directly coordinated by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation through the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata and the funds for these components will directly be released to the concerned organizations. The components of MM-II of JTM and the pattern of financial assistance are indicated at Annexure-I

 

5.1    Components to be implemented by the State Government  

            The components and the pattern of financial assistance are indicated at Annexure-I. The funds for the components will be released to the state governments by the Government of India. The sharing of funding of the components will be 90:10 between Central and State Governments. However, in some of the components, 100 per cent share will be borne by the Central Government. The components to be implemented by the state governments are indicated hereunder:

I. Seed/Planting Material:

 

i)                    Distribution of certified jute seed/quality seed of mesta / sunnhemp;

ii)                   Distribution of ramie rhizome;

iii)                 Distribution of jute/mesta seed minikit.

 

II. Implements

 

i)                    Multi-row seed drill;

ii)                   Wheel-hoe;

iii)                 Ribboner;

iv)                 Sprayer.

III. Technology Demonstration

i)                    Production Technology of jute, mesta, sunnhemp and ramie;

ii)                   Retting Technology.

 

IV. Essential Nutrient Minikit for Jute/Mesta and Ramie.

 

V. Foliar Spray of Urea.

 

VI. Distribution of Soil Ameliorant.

 

VII. Post Harvest Operation

i)                    Development of retting facility through retting scheme;

ii)                   Individual kutcha retting tank;

iii)                 Individual pucca retting tank;

iv)                 Distribution of fungal culture;

v)                  Distribution of DAP Molasses kit;

vi)                 Distribution of Decorticator;

vii)               Establishment of Degumming unit for ramie.

 

VIII. Integrated Pest Management.

 

IX. Farmers’ Training.

 

X. Farmers’ Visit.

 

XI. Farmers’ Field School.

 

XII. Establishment of Model Ramie Farm.

XIII. Contingency to States.

 

XIV. New Intervention.

           

5.2   Components to be implemented by other organizations  

            The components and the pattern of financial assistance are indicated at Annexure-I. The funds for the components will directly be released to the concerned organizations by the Government of India. 100 per cent share of fund for the components will be borne by the Central Government. The components to be implemented by different organizations are indicated hereunder:

 

I. Seed/Planting Material

i)                    Production of Breeder Seed;

ii)                   Production of Foundation Seed;

iii)                 Production of Certified Jute Seed/Quality Seed of mesta/sunnhemp.

 

II. Frontline Demonstration.

 

III. National and State Level Training.

 

IV. Publicity/Monitoring/Evaluation/Seminar/Meeting/Workshop, etc.

 

V. Adaptive trial /contract farming.

 

 6.  Guidelines for implementation of the Components

 

6.1 Components to be implemented by the State Governments

 

Details guidelines for implementation of various components of the Centrally Sponsored Part of MM-II to be implemented by different State Governments are indicated hereunder.

 

6.1.1     Seed/Planting Material:

 

i)    Distribution of certified jute seed / quality seed of mesta / sunnhemp

            Under the programme, an assistance to the tune of 50 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.2000/q will be provided for distribution of certified jute seed, quality/certified seed of mesta/ sunnhemp varieties which are not older than 15 years.  In case no suitable varieties are available, older varieties can be considered by Government of India. Since there is limited number of varieties available for jute and allied fibre crops, most of the popular varieties may be taken up for distribution under the programme. However, the states should take proper care for distribution of good quality seeds under the programme.  The State Governments will make arrangement well in advance for distribution of the seeds and all arrangements should be made so that the target could be achieved. The State Department of Agriculture may distribute the seeds by themselves or they may arrange distribution through agencies like State/Central Seeds Corporations, Cooperative Societies, etc. A record of distribution of seed should be maintained at block/district level.

 

ii) Distribution of ramie rhizome

             For taking up plantation of ramie crop, an assistance limited to Rs.1000/q  will be provided for distribution of ramie rhizome. The rhizome is to be procured from the Government recognized farm for distribution under the programme. Based on the target, advance action plan is required to be taken by the State Government for distribution of ramie rhizome under the programme. The State Department of Agriculture may distribute the rhizome by themselves or they may arrange distribution through agencies like State/Central Seeds Corporations, Cooperative Societies, etc. A record of distribution of seed should be maintained at block/district level.

 

iii)  Distribution of  seed Minikits of jute ,mesta etc

            For popularization of the newly released improved varieties of jute ,mestaetc, assistance is to be provided limited to Rs.60 per minikit for distribution of seed minikit of jute and mesta under the programme. The size of the seed minikit will be of one kg jute and that of mesta will be of two kg and others for 0.1 ha area. The varieties of jute and mesta to be included in the seed minikit programme should not be more than ten years old. Based on the target of distribution of seed minikit, advance action plan may accordingly be chalked out for distribution of seed minikit. Besides, a list of beneficiaries for distribution of seed minikit may be maintained with the field level extension offices/district level offices. The State Department of Agriculture may distribute the seed minikit by themselves or they may arrange distribution through agencies like State/Central Seeds Corporations, Cooperative Societies, etc. 

 

 6.1.2 Implements:

i)    Distribution of multi-row seed drill

             Row sowing has been found to increase the productivity of the crop through maintenance of proper plant population/facilitating intercultural operations, efficient nutrient management, etc. Accordingly, it has been decided to distribute multi-row seed drill under the programme for undertaking line sowing in jute/mesta crop. An assistance to the tune of 75 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.2500 per unit of seed drill will be provided for distribution of multi-row seed drill. The State Governments will make arrangement well in advance for distribution of the seed drill and all arrangements should be made so that the target could be achieved. The State Department of Agriculture may arrange distribution by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc. A record of distribution of seed drill should be maintained at block/district level.

 

  ii)  Distribution of wheel-hoe

             Intercultural operation, particularly, the weeding operation of the crop requires maximum investment in jute/mesta crop. To make the intercultural operation cost effective in the line sown crop, the same could be done with the help of wheel-hoe. Accordingly, it has been decided to distribute wheel hoe under the programme for undertaking weeding operation in jute/mesta crop. An assistance to the tune of 75 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.500 per unit of wheel hoe will be provided for distribution of wheel hoe. The State Governments will make arrangement well in advance for distribution of the wheel hoe and all arrangements should be made so that the target could be achieved. The State Department of Agriculture may arrange distribution by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc. A record of distribution of seed drill should be maintained at block/district level.

 

iii)  Distribution of ribboner

             In view of the shortage of retting water, instead of whole plant retting, if the ribbons are retted, it will require less water and alternatively improve the quality of fibre also. The ribboning can be done with the help of manual ribboner like DJD- BENAGRI Ribboner or such other ribboner.  Accordingly, it has been decided to distribute ribboner under the programme for undertaking ribbon retting in jute/mesta crop. An assistance to the tune of 75 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.1000 per unit of ribboner will be provided for distribution of ribboner. The State Governments will make arrangement well in advance for distribution of the ribboner and all arrangements should be made so that the target could be achieved. The State Department of Agriculture may arrange distribution by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc. A record of distribution of ribboner should be maintained at block/district level.

 

iv)   Distribution of Sprayer

            For undertaking foliar spray of urea as well as spraying of plant protection chemicals, provision has been made under the programme to distribute sprayers. The beneficiaries will have their option to procure manual sprayer or power operated sprayer. An assistance to the tune of 50 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.1000 per unit of sprayer will be provided for distribution of sprayer. The State Governments will make arrangement well in advance for distribution of the sprayer and all arrangements should be made so that the target could be achieved. The State Department of Agriculture may arrange distribution by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc. The concerned officials of the district/block level are to select the farmers for distribution of sprayer and a list of beneficiaries may be maintained by them.

 

6.1.3   Technology Demonstration

i) Production technology on jute/mesta /sunnhemp/ ramie

            Production technology demonstration will be conducted under the programme on jute, mesta, sunnhemp and ramie. The demonstration should be organized in a concentrated area, particularly, in the form of cluster of 2 ha size covering a group of farmers or single farmer. Location specific production technology may be followed in each demonstration. The demonstration should be conducted with proven technology on cultivation including varieties, disease/pest control, nutrient/water management, etc. in the farmers’ field.An assistance limited to Rs.3000/ha for jute/mesta/sunnhemp and Rs.10000/ha for ramie will be provided to meet the cost of inputs like seeds, manure/fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation, line sowing arrangement etc forn conducting  demonstrations. Each demonstration should be sown in line where all the recommended practices in a package are to be followed. The demonstration should preferably be on the road side where a hoarding should be displayed for identification. Field days with a group of farmers may be organized at the demonstration site. The expenditure of hoarding and field day may be met from the contingency head of scheme. However, an amount not exceeding 10% of the assistance for each demonstration may also be utilized for erecting such hoardings or organizing the field days. A record of the demonstration site, list of farmers and other ancillary information have to be maintained at the block level by the concerned officer. The yield and other ancillary records for each of the demonstration along with the farmers’ name and address may be collected/recorded and forwarded to the Directorate of Jute Development, Government of India along with the corresponding information from the neighbouring controlled plots. The results of the demonstration plots should be given wide publicity amongst the farmers who may be motivated for the adoption of technology.

 

ii)    Retting technology demonstration on jute/mesta

             With the thrust on diversification of jute industries, the requirement of quality jute fibre has increased and more and more emphasis has been laid for quality improvement of jute. Retting is by far the most important factor determining the quality of fibre. Adequate retting facilities, however, do not exist in the states in so far as the whole plant retting is practiced in the country. In order to reduce the bulk of the crop to be retted vis-à-vis the requirement of water, the concept of ribbon retting has been advanced. The ribbon retting has got many advantages of which the important being the reduction in the requirement of retting water and reduction in retting time leading to quality improvement of fibre. Ribboning is done with simple manually operated handy ribboners and the ribbons may be retted in small volume of water. The ribbons may be retted in natural pool and or  in small kutcha tank excavated under the programme. It may also be retted in small pucca tank or in small polythene lined kutcha tank but in that case retting culture solution may be required to be applied. Such improved retting technology may be demonstrated under the programme. Each demonstration will be approximately of 0.1 ha size. To have a comparative study, half of the area may be used for ribbon retting and the other half may be used for whole plant retting.   Assistance to the tune of Rs.2000 per demonstration will be provided to meet the cost of ribboner, excavation of small kutcha tank (if necessary), procurement of bamboos, operational cost like cost of labour and contingencies, etc. One ribboner may be procured out of the fund provided for the programme and the rest amount may be incurred on the items indicated above. The  DJD-BENAGRI Ribboner or such other ribboner may be used for aforesaid demonstration.  Ribboning has been found to be effective on 90-110 days age of the crop. Accordingly, the crop may be selected within this age range. The crop field also should have sufficient moisture from where ribboning is to be done. The yield, quality and other ancillary data may be recorded for each of the demonstration site and submitted to the Directorate of Jute Development. The list of beneficiaries and other details of the demonstration plot may be maintained  along with the relevant information on variety, date of sowing, harvesting, ribboning, time taken for retting, location, yield, quality, etc. Number of demonstration may be organized in a cluster and field day also may be organized at the demonstration site.

 

6.1.4 :  Essential Nutrient Minikit for jute, mesta, ramie

Application of essential nutrients is required to be made for increasing the productivity of the crop. Small and marginal farmers predominant among the jute/mesta farming community.  Because of the resource constraint all these farmers are not in a position to apply proper doses of nutrient to the crop. In order to give a boost to the utilization of nutrients for raising the productivity at this small and marginal farmers’ level, it is proposed to arrange distribution of nutrients minikit for jute, mesta, ramie under the programme. Assistance limited to Rs.200 per minikit will be provided for distribution of EN minikit. Each minikit will be provided to cover an area of about 0.2 ha. The minikit will contain the main nutrients like N, P2O5, K2O, etc.  The quantum of nutrients may accordingly be included in the minikit programme. The field level agricultural extension offices/officials will select the beneficiaries for distribution of EN Minikit and a list of beneficiaries will be maintained by them. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of minikit by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

6.1.5   Foliar spray of urea

 

Foliar spray of urea has been found very effective in jute crop as because a majority of the jute/mesta area is grown under rainfed condition. Application of nitrogenous fertilizer in the form of foliar spray of urea will also reduce the total requirement of nitrogenous fertilizer. Accordingly, it is proposed to provide assistance for distribution of urea for foliar spray to jute, mesta crop. An assistance limited to Rs.200/ha will be provided for foliar spray of urea. Approximately, 25 kg of urea may be required per ha for foliar spray of urea. This may be applied with the assistance under the programme within the target fixed for the same. The field level agricultural extension offices will select the beneficiaries for distribution of urea for foliar spray and a list of beneficiaries will be maintained by them. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of urea by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

6.1.6    Soil ameliorants

In many of the jute growing areas like North Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura, the soils are acidic and as a result the productivity of the crop is less. Accordingly, to correct the soil acidity, it has been proposed to distribute soil ameliorants. An assistance limited to Rs.1000/ha will be provided for distribution of soil ameliorants.  Dolomite or lime or such other soil ameliorants may be used for this purpose. The field level agricultural extension offices will identify the beneficiaries for distribution of soil ameliorants and a list of beneficiaries will be maintained by them. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of soil ameliorants by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

6.1.7    Post Harvest Operation

 

i)   Development of Retting Facility through Retting Scheme

             Quality of fibre has assumed an importance in the context of diversification programme being pursued at the industrial level. In order to cater to the requirements of the industry, thrust will be given towards the quality improvement of fibre of jute and mesta. Retting is by far the most important factor governing the quality of jute/mesta which again depends upon the availability of adequate retting facilities. The existing retting facilities are quite inadequate. In this context, it is proposed to create additional and larger retting facilities under the programme. One of the programmes for developing retting facilities will be re-excavation/excavation of existing retting areas of certain selected blocks in the jute/mesta growing areas through retting scheme. It is proposed to provide an assistance limited to Rs. 5.00 lakh per retting scheme under the programme for creation of such retting facilities through retting scheme. A larger retting facility has found to be more effective for retting of jute/mesta as against small volume of retting water. Presently, the jute/mesta retting is done in moribund canals, beels, breaches, ditches, depressions, tanks, etc. If these areas are re-excavated/reconstructed, a good area of retting facilities could be created. The district /block level agricultural extension officers/local authority will identify such areas for excavation/re-excavation and prepare a form of scheme to create a large volume of retting facilities.  The scheme will be approved by a Committee constituted by the State Government.  A representative from the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (Directorate of Jute Development) will be associated in the Committee. The programme will be implemented by the State Agricultural Department through their field level officers or through Panchayet Bodies, Government Bodies or through NGOs or through recognised Farmers’ Organisations or through recognised cooperatives, etc. These organisations/authorities will formulate the scheme and submit it to the State Agriculture Department. The constituted committee for this purpose will examine the proposal and give its recommendation to the State Agricultural Department. On the basis of this, the State Agriculture Department will release the fund to the concerned organisations/offices. If necessary, they may release the fund in a phased manner.  As per the scheme and as per the limit of the approved total assistance, the retting facility will be created in selected blocks/villages. In addition to that, effort may also be taken to concentrate other development items in those areas so that the area may be developed for production of quality fibre.  A Beneficiary Committee for such retting facility will be formed who will look after and coordinate the retting of crops in this newly created retting area. The Beneficiary Committee may also collect some service charge for retting of jute crop which may be utilized for future maintenance of these retting facilities, organisation of Farmers’ Day, etc.  In the off season, the facility may be utilized for irrigation or Fishy-culture under the control of the Beneficiary Committee. Details of the operations performed in the programme for retting and other activities will be maintained by the Committee and the same is to be submitted to the State/Central Authority, as and when required. A hoarding may also be erected at the site.

 

ii)   Excavation of individual kutcha retting tank: An assistance limited to Rs.2500 per tank will be provided under the programme for excavation/construction of kutcha retting tanks by the individual farmer. The State Governments should formulate action plan for excavation/construction of such tanks at the farmers’ level. The minimum size of the tank should be 10m x 10m x 2m. The assistance for excavation/construction of individual retting tank will be provided as per norms. However, if the farmer is interested to excavate/construct a bigger size tank, he will be allowed to do so but the assistance will be limited to the amount as per norm. The individual farmer has to be selected well in advance and a list of beneficiaries along with the detailed particulars of the tank has to be maintained at the block level. 

 

iii)   Excavation of individual pucca retting tank:  An assistance limited to Rs.20000 per tank will be provided under the programme for excavation/construction of pucca retting tanks by the individual farmer. The State Governments should formulate action plan for excavation/construction of such tanks at the farmers’ level. The minimum size of the tank should be 10m x 10m x 2m. The assistance for excavation/construction of individual retting tank will be provided as per norms. However, if the farmer is interested to excavate/construct a bigger size tank, he will be allowed to do so but the assistance will be limited to the amount as per norm. The individual farmer has to be selected well in advance and a list of beneficiaries along with the detailed particulars of the tank has to be maintained at the block level. 

 

iv)   Distribution of fungal culture packets

             As the retting facilities are not adequate, the fibre becomes inferior in quality and contains huge barky materials. To improve the fibre quality at post retting stage, a fungal culture has been developed by the National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology (NIRJAFT), ICAR. It is proposed to provide assistance for the distribution of fungal culture packets for improvement of fibre quality under the programme. An assistance of 50 per of the cost limited to Rs.12/- per packet of 500 gm size will be provided for distribution of fungal culture. The State Government may prepare suitable action plan for distribution of fungal culture packet during the retting season as per the target. The culture should be tested/certified by the appropriate authority regarding viability before distribution of the same. The list of beneficiaries may be maintained by the field level Agricultural Extension Officers. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of fungal culture by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

v)   Distribution of DAP-Molasses Kit

             Since the retting facility is inadequate, it is found that the fibres become inferior in quality. The Jute Industries’ Research Association (IJIRA) has developed a technology, i.e., application of DAP - Molasses by which the fibre quality can be improved. Accordingly, it is proposed to distribute DAP- Molasses kit. An assistance limited to Rs.50 per kit will be provided for distribution of DAP-Molasses kit.  Each kit will contain 2 kg DAP and 2 kg Molasses. The State Government may make suitable action plan for distribution of DAP-Molasses Kit during the retting period. The list of beneficiaries may be maintained by the field level Agricultural Extension Officers. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of DAP-Molasses kit by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

vi)   Distribution of decorticator for ramie

             Ramie fibre is extracted with the help of decorticator machine. Since the machine is a costly one, it is difficult to procure such decorticator machine by individual farmer. Accordingly, it is proposed to distribute decorticator machine to the ramie growers. An assistance limited to Rs.40000 per unit of decorticator will be provided for distribution of decorticator unit. The decorticator unit will consist of the decorticator machine and its accessories like diesel pump set or electric motor along with other ancillary requirements, etc. One decorticator is sufficient to cover 2 ha area. Each decorticator may be provided to a group of 4-5 farmers. The decorticator may be under the custody of farmers’ group, block/field level agricultural officers/officials or recognized local bodies or recognized NGO. The nearby ramie growers will use this decorticator on custom service basis to be decided by the Directorate of Agriculture. The custom service fund will, in turn, be utilized for maintenance of decorticator machine.  The field level agricultural officers/officials will identify the beneficiaries and a list of beneficiaries is to be maintained by them. The State Agriculture Department will arrange distribution of decorticator by themselves or the distribution may be arranged through the recognised Government Bodies, Cooperatives, etc.

 

vii)  Establishment of degumming unit for ramie

             Ramie fibre contains 20-30 per cent gum. The textile industry prefers only the degummed fibre as in the textile industry only the degummed fibre is used. Huge investment is required for degumming unit. Accordingly, for development of ramie crop, it is proposed to provide assistance for establishment of degumming unit under the programme. An assistance limited to Rs.20 lakh per degumming unit  will be provided for establishment of ramie degumming unit. One degumming unit will be provided for a minimum of 40-50 ha of coverage under ramie. This unit will be under the direct control of the State Agriculture Directorate or it may be with the recognized local bodies or NGOs or cooperatives or farmers’ groups.  The degumming unit is to be established in consultation with the National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology (ICAR), Kolkata. Assistance will be provided to meet the cost of machineries, infrastructure, contingencies, etc. for establishment of the degumming unit.  Staff and maintenance have to be arranged by the concerned organisation. The State Governments are to identify suitable sites and organizations in the concentrated ramie growing areas. A Committee may be formed in the State Department of Agriculture with a representative from the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India (Directorate of Jute Development) to assess the proposal on establishment of degumming unit with the assistance under the programme. The State Directorate of Agriculture will identify the site and organisation and a detailed proposal may be submitted to this Committee for approval of the unit. The proposal may be formed and also implemented in consultation with the National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology (NIRJAFT), ICAR. On approval of proposal by the Committee, the State Government will release the fund to the concerned organisation for establishment of the degumming unit. If necessary, the fund may be released in a phased manner. Local ramie growers will degum their fibres on custom service basis and the fund so collected will be utilised for the operation and maintenance of the degumming unit.

 

6.1.8   Integrated Pest Management:

The jute crop suffers due to incidence of pests and diseases. Now, both the Central and State Governments are giving priority for the popularization of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) so that use of pesticides is reduced. Accordingly, it is proposed to provide assistance under the programme for undertaking IPM. An assistance limited to Rs.15000  per IMP programme will be provided for organising the IPM programme. Each IPM will cover at least 20 ha area in a village under the crop. At least 20 farmers are to be covered under each IPM. Each farmer will be given an IPM kit. During the crop season, demonstration and training programme on IPM will be conducted at least once in a month for four months’ duration. A report on the organization of each IPM and the farmers’ reaction and the outcome may be prepared. The item-wise tentative expenditure for organizing the IPM may be as under:

Item

Cost (Rs.)

1. IPM Kits  (20x Rs.250)

5000.00

2. Cost of Tea & Snacks

(20 farmers +5 Resource Persons) x 4 times x Rs.30

3000.00

3. Bio Agents (if required)

2000.00

4.  Monitoring / conveyance of Resource Persons) / contingency, etc.

5000.00

Total :

      15000.00

           

The Implementing Authority will, however, have the flexibility to adjust inter-componental allocation depending upon  the location specific situation within the overall limit of assistance for the programme.

 6.1.9   Farmers’ Training

Adequate training of farmers regarding the technology for increasing the productivity and improving the quality of fibre is necessary. Accordingly, it is proposed to provide assistance for organizing farmers’ training programme. The farmers training programme will be of one day duration with 50 farmers. Detailed action plan and course curriculum has to be prepared by the State Government well in advance. Detailed particulars, such as, date of organization, venue, list of participants, etc. have to be maintained at the block/extension centre level. An assistance to the tune of Rs.5000 per training programme will be provided. The item – wise tentative cost break-up is indicated hereunder:

 

Item

Cost (Rupees)

1. Refreshment (50 farmers + 10 Resource Person and Officials) x Rs.30/-

1800.00

2. Conveyance to farmers (50 x Rs.10/-)

500.00

3. Honorarium to Specialist Resource Person @ Rs.100/- per lecture for 3 lectures

300.00

4. Training kits for farmers @ Rs. 20/- per kit.

1000.00

5. Contingencies including audio arrangements, etc.

1400.00

Total

5000.00

 

            The implementing authority will, however, have the flexibility to adjust inter componental allocation depending upon the location specific situation within the overall limit of the assistance.

 

6.1.10  Farmers’ Visit

To make the farmers aware about the latest jute and allied fibre scenario and the performance of jute and allied fibre  crop in other Areas/Research Institutes/Agricultural Universities, it has been proposed to organize farmers’ visit for a group of 20 farmers. An amount limited to Rs.60000 per visit will be provided under the programme to meet the expenditure towards the cost of travel, boarding and lodging of the farmers. The farmers will be provided the actual travel cost limited to Sleeper class Rail fare/Bus fare and Boarding and lodging expenses etc. The maximum duration of the visit will be of seven days. The Boarding and Lodging cost will be provided with a maximum limit of Rs. 300/- per day per farmer. The group of farmers will consist of about 20 farmers. The State Department of Agriculture will identify the farmers in their respective state and make arrangement of the visit. An official of the State Agriculture Department will coordinate the visit and may accompany the farmers’ group during the visit.  A record of such farmers’ visit may be maintained by the State Agriculture Directorate.

 

6.1.11  Farmers’ Field School

Very often, it has been observed that the jute/mesta farmers are not well aware about the latest technology, price situation, present status of jute/mesta in the country. Accordingly, it is necessary to make them aware about all such matters on a regular basis. Thus, it is proposed to run Farmers’ Field School in different jute/mesta growing areas throughout the jute/mesta crop season. The Farmers’ Field School may be organized for a group of 50 farmers and one day programme in each week in a period of about four to five months during the crop season. An assistance limited to Rs.25000 per Farmers’ Field School in a season will be provided for organising the Farmers’ Field School Programme. State Directorate of Agriculture will prepare action plan, course curriculum, and item-wise budget provision for organizing the Farmers’ Field School. The local village level extension workers/block level extension workers will identify the site, farmers for the school and will coordinate the entire activities throughout the season. Specialists/Resource Persons may be invited to deliver lectures in the Farmers’ Field School. Practical demonstration may also be organised in the nearby field, preferably in the demonstration plot.   A record of such Farmers’ Field School is to be maintained at the District/Block level.

6.1.12    Establishment of Model Ramie Farm

Sufficient quantity of ramie rhizome is not available. Besides, for proper development of ramie, it is necessary to extend training and demonstration. Accordingly, it is proposed to establish Model Ramie Farm having the facility of rhizome multiplication, decortication, degumming, training, etc. The farm is proposed to be established under the aegis of State Agricultural Universities/ICAR Institute / State Government /Cooperatives / Local Bodies / KVK, etc. The farm should have at least 10 ha area for plantation of ramie crop. The initial cost for establishment of the farm on the items like planting material, farm machineries, fibre extraction machineries, degumming plant, training infrastructure and material, other infrastructures, etc. will be borne under the programme by providing assistance within the budget provision. Subsequent operational costs and the man power are to be borne by the concerned organization. The farm will supply rhizome to the ramie growers with reasonable price and also will organize training-cum-demonstration programme for the ramie growers. The provisional components for which assistance will be provided are indicated hereunder:

 

Sl. No.

Component

1.

Planting Materials and plantation for at least 10 ha. Area

2.

Agricultural implements including tractor and  accessories

3.

Ramie decorticators with accessories

4.

Irrigation installation

5.

Ramie degumming units

6.

Shade for degumming unit, tractor, decorticator etc.

7.

Godown-cum-office and training hall

8.

Fencing-boundary of the farm

9.

Contingencies including initial input, maintenance of plantation, stationary etc.

 

The implementing authority will, however, have the flexibility to include or exclude any component depending upon the location specific situation.

The concerned State Government will identify the organisations for establishment of the ramie farm.  The concerned organization will submit a proposal as per guidelines for establishment of the farm to the Directorate of Agriculture of the concerned State. The proposal will be scrutinised and approved by a Committee constituted by the State Government having a representative from the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata). On approval of the proposal, the fund will be released by the state department of agriculture to the concerned organisation. The fund may be released in a phased manner, if necessary. Initially, about 50 per cent of the fund will be released as first instalment. Thereafter, on receipt of the expenditure report/utilisation certificate of at least half of the first instalment released fund, the balance fund will be released. A State Level Monitoring Committee is to be formed by the State Department of Agriculture for monitoring and implementation of the programme.

 

6.1.13  Contingencies to State Governments

 For proper monitoring and implementation of the programme, provision of contingency has been made to provide to the State Governments. An amount limited to Rs.4/- per ha for jute/mesta/sunnhemp of the targeted area with a minimum of Rs. one lakh per State and Rs. one lakh  per State for ramie will be provided for contingencies. The entire area and district as per the Annexure-I has been considered for contingency. The contingency fund may be utilized for items like POL, Publicity, Monitoring, TA of the implementing/monitoring officials, etc.

 

6.1.14  New Intervention

            Besides above activities, there could be some more activities suited to different areas or new approaches/activities may come up in due course of time for enhancing production. State Governments will have flexibility to introduce new initiatives/location specific components to the maximum extent of 10% of total annual allocation to State. However, the concerned State is to intimate such  new intervention well in advance to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata as well as to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

           

6.1.15  General

 

 The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, through the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata will monitor and assess the progress of the implementation of the programme. After the issue of the administrative approval by the Govt. of India, state governments have to issue state sanction. The state governments are accordingly required to make budget provision to bear the State share.   The states are to submit their programme of work well in advance to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata.  Besides, they are required to prepare an advance action plan well before the crop season. The first instalment of fund will be released to the state governments after the issue of the administrative approval. The state governments are to submit component-wise physical and financial progress report on monthly basis to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata and also to Agriculture Commissioner as well as Under Secretary (CA-V) of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India latest by 10th of the following month.

The Directorate of Jute Development will assess the progress periodically and subsequent instalment of fund will be released to the state governments on receipt of the up to date component-wise physical and financial detailed progress report and on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. By the end of the financial year, the state governments are to submit the final component-wise physical and financial detailed progress report and also the utilisation certificate to the Directorate of Jute Development and also to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India through the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata will organise review meeting/workshop periodically to review the progress of the programme, to chalk out the future programme, to discuss other related issues, etc. The state governments are allowed to make inter-componental changes of physical and financial target within the overall budget provision and for which the state is required to submit the revised programme to the Ministry and  the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. Besides, the state may also introduce new intervention up to the extent of 10 per cent of annual allocation. The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation will have flexibility to make modification in the components, inclusion of new intervention, inclusion or deletion of any state/district in the scheme. For this purpose, the state may also submit proposal to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation.

 

6.2    Components to be implemented by other organizations

Detailed guidelines for implementation of various components of the Central Sector-Direct Funded Part of MM-II to be implemented by different organizations are indicated hereunder.

 

6.2.1 Seed/Planting Material

 

i) Production of Breeder Seed

             Some of the varieties of jute/mesta/sunnhemp have recently been released but the seed production of these varieties has not yet been sufficiently taken up. Sufficient breeder seed has also not yet been available. Accordingly, it has been proposed to provide assistance of 100 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.8000/q for production of breeder seed of varieties of jute/mesta/sunnhemp. The breeder seed production will be taken up by the concerned ICAR Institutes like CRIJAF, etc. and the concerned SAU. The ICAR Institutes and the concerned SAU will submit a proposal along with a certificate of the quantity of production of variety-wise breeder seed to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata along with the item-wise cost of production of breeder seed. The reimbursement may be made on the basis of the actual cost limited to Rs.8000/q. Thereafter, on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata, Govt. of India will release the funds to the concerned Institute/SAU. Since the production of seed is taken up in a particular year for use in the next year, while considering the provision of assistance in a particular year, the previous year’s production will be taken into account.

 

ii)  Production of foundation seed

             Under the programme, it has been proposed to increase the production of certified/quality seed as well as to cover more and more areas under certified jute seed and quality mesta/ sunnhemp seed. For production of a more and more quantity of certified/quality seed, it is necessary to have sufficient quantity of foundation seed. Accordingly, to enable production of more certified seed, it is proposed to provide assistance to the tune of 50 per cent of the cost limited to Rs.3000/q  for production of foundation seed of varieties which are not older than 15 years. The foundation seed production will be taken up by ICAR Institutes, SAU and different seed producing agencies. For calculating the assistance, cost of production of foundation seed will be required. The cost of production of foundation seed will be collected from ICAR Institute/SAU (if available) and the same will be treated as the standard cost of cultivation for calculating the assistance. The individual organisation will also submit the cost of production of foundation seed. For calculating the assistance, the cost of production submitted by the ICAR/SAU (if available) or individual organisation, whichever is lower will be considered. The ICAR Institute/SAU will submit a proposal regarding variety-wise quantum of production of foundation seed by them to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The seed producing agencies will also submit proposal to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata regarding the variety-wise quantum of production of foundation seed duly certified by the seed certifying agencies of the concerned State. The Private Seed Producing Agency will also submit a Certificate of their Registration as a Seed Producing Agency from the Competent Authority. The Seed Producing Agencies will also submit information regarding variety-wise source and year   of obtaining breeder seed.  The Directorate of Jute Development will assess the proposal and on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata, the fund will be released to the concerned organizations by the Govt. of India. Since the production of seed is taken up in a particular year for use in the next year, while considering the provision of assistance in a particular year, the previous year’s production will be taken into account.

iii)  Production of certified jute/quality seed of mesta/sunnhemp

             To encourage production of more and more quantity of certified/quality seed, it has been proposed to provide assistance for additional production of seed. Under the programme, it has been proposed to increase the production of certified/quality seed as well as to cover more and more areas under certified jute seed and quality mesta/ sunnhemp seed. Though jute is grown mostly in eastern and north-eastern states, most of the seeds are produced in places far off from the jute growing areas, i.e., Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. As a result, timely availability of good quality seed in the jute growing areas sometimes becomes difficult. Sufficient quantity of certified seed is also not produced. The present level of certified seed production can cover about 35 per cent of the total jute growing areas only. To encourage certified seed production, not only in the existing seed producing areas but also in the eastern and north-eastern part, it is proposed to provide assistance for production of certified seed to the seed producing agencies. Suitable mesta varieties have not yet been notified. In the case of sunnhemp also the condition is almost similar. Accordingly, for mesta and sunnhemp, assistance will be provided for the production of quality/TL seed also. The assistance will be provided for the additional quantity of seed produced in a particular year as against the level of previous year’s production. The assistance will be to the tune of 25 per cent of the cost of seed limited to Rs.700/q of varieties not older than 15 years. The cost of production of certified/quality seed will be collected from the ICAR Institute/SAU (if available) and the same will be treated as the standard cost of cultivation for calculating the assistance. The individual organisation will also submit the cost of production of certified/quality seed. For calculating the assistance, the cost of production submitted by the ICAR/SAU (if available) or individual organisation, whichever is lower will be considered. The assistance will be provided for production of seeds if the same is made available/distributed/sold to the farmers in the jute/mesta/sunnhemp growing states of the country. Accordingly the seed producing agencies are required to ensure that the seed is made available to the jute/mesta/sunnhemp growing states for distribution to the farmers within the country. The Private Seed Producing Agency will also submit a Certificate of their Registration as a Seed Producing Agency from the Competent Authority. The Seed Producing Agencies will also submit information regarding variety-wise source and year of obtaining foundation seed. If, however, it is their own source, they are required to indicate the variety-wise source and year of obtaining breeder seed for production of foundation seed. The seed producing agencies will submit proposal to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata regarding the variety-wise quantum of production of certified/quality seed duly certified by the seed certifying agencies of the concerned State for the particular year for which assistance is claimed along with the same information on previous year’s production. They are also required to submit the variety-wise actual supply/distribution/sale of seed to different States for both the years. Since the production of seed is taken up in a particular year for use in the next year, while considering the provision of assistance in a particular year, the previous year’s production will be taken into account.  The Directorate of Jute Development will assess the proposal and on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata, the fund will be released to the concerned organizations by the Govt. of India.

 

6.2.2  Frontline Demonstration

 

6.2.2.1             Frontline demonstration on jute, mesta, sunnhemp and ramie will be organized on the role of new appropriate varieties, production technology, retting technology, etc. Various varieties/technologies are being developed by ICAR Institute/SAU and other Institutes. The purpose of the frontline demonstration is to demonstrate these technologies developed by the scientists themselves in the farmers’ fields. The frontline demonstration will be organized by the ICAR Research Institutes/SAU/KVK in the farmers’ fields and the programme will be coordinated by the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. Different types of frontline demonstration will be conducted. Some of these are Production Technology, Retting Technology, Integrated Pest Management, CRIJAF Bast Fibre Extraction Technology, etc. The details of these demonstrations are indicated hereunder:

 

i) Frontline Demonstration on Production Technology

             The production technology demonstration will be conducted on the location specific production technology with new varieties.  All kinds of location specific improved technology will be applied for conducting this frontline demonstration. Focus will not only be given on varietal aspects but also on efficient nutrient management, weed / water management, soil ameliorants, crop specific newer farm implements/machine, agronomic practices, etc. The size of the demonstration will be of one ha each in the form of a cluster.

 

            The cost of inputs and other incidentals will be borne under the programme. A total of Rs.5000 per ha will be provided for conducting frontline demonstration on production technology of which Rs.3000 for inputs and Rs.2000 for monitoring, contingency, POL, visit of scientists, organizing farmers’ day, meeting, publication, etc.

 

In case any latest farm implement/machine required for conducting the FLD on jute/mesta crop, the total cost of implements, will be borne for demonstration purpose. However, a separate proposal for the particular implement/machine with actual cost and its usefulness should be submitted for approval of the Ministry.

 

ii) Frontline Demonstration on Integrated Pest Management

            These crops suffer due to incidence of pests and diseases.  Both the Central and State Governments are giving priority for the popularization of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) so that use of pesticides is reduced. Accordingly, assistance will be provided under the programme for undertaking IPM as per approved pattern of assistance. Each IPM will cover at least 20 ha area in a form of a cluster under the crop. At least 20 farmers are to be covered under each IPM. Each farmer will be given an IPM kit. During the crop season demonstration and training programme on IPM will be conducted once in a week for four months duration. The cost for organising the FLD on IPM to the tune of Rs.15, 000 per demonstration will be provided under the programme. The tentative item-wise cost for organising FLD on IPM is indicated hereunder:

 

Item

Cost (Rs.)

1. IPM Kits  (20x Rs.250)

5000.00

2. Cost of Tea & Snacks

(20 farmers +5 Resource Persons) x 4 times x Rs.30

3000.00

3. Bio Agents (if required)

2000.00

4.  Monitoring / conveyance of Resource Persons) / contingency, etc.

5000.00

Total :

      15000.00

            The Implementing Authority will, however, have the flexibility to adjust inter-componental allocation depending upon the location specific situation within the overall limit of assistance for the programme.

 

iii) Frontline Demonstration on Retting Technology

             Retting is one of the most important criteria for governing the quality of fibre. Adequate retting water is required for proper retting of jute crop. But, sufficient retting water is not available in our country. Research has been continuing to develop newer technology on retting of jute. In the process, the National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, ICAR has developed two technologies, namely, chemical retting and dry retting. In the dry retting technique, a fungal culture is used on the plants after the harvest of the crop without emerging the plants in the water. In chemical retting, ribbons are obtained first and then it is treated with recommended chemicals. Accordingly, these two retting technologies may be tried by the concerned Research Institute in the farmers’ field under frontline demonstration. Each demonstration will be of 0.1 ha size. Half of the area may be used for these technologies and in the other half, the traditional technology may be tried to have a comparative study. An amount of Rs.5000 per demonstration will be provided as assistance for organising each demonstration. Out of which, Rs. 3000 may be used for material inputs, labour inputs, ribboner and such other materials required for organising the demonstration. The remaining Rs.2000 may be used for monitoring, contingency, POL, visit of scientists, organizing farmers’ day, meeting, publication, etc. Number of demonstrations may be organised in a concentrated area so as to have an overall impact of the technology in that particular area.

 

iv) CRIJAF Bast Fibre Extraction Technology

             Retting and extraction is one of the most important criteria for governing the quality of fibre. Adequate retting water is required for proper retting of jute crop. But, sufficient retting water is not available in our country. Research has been continuing to develop newer technology on retting and extraction of jute. In the process, the Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres (CRIJAF) has developed a new method of fibre extraction and retting. The new method includes separation of ribbons from the harvested plants with the help of a machine and then retting of such ribbon in water. For separation of ribbons, new machine “CRIJAF Bast Fibre Extractor” has been developed. Vertical ribbon steepping was also developed for retting such ribbons with low volume of water. Accordingly, this technology of extraction and retting of fibre is proposed to be organised under frontline demonstration in the farmers’ fields. The demonstration will be organised with the supervision of the scientist. Each demonstration will be of one ha size. Half of the area may be used for this technology and in the other half, the traditional technology may be tried to have a comparative study. An amount of Rs.30000 may be provided for assistance for organising each demonstration. Out of which Rs.25000 may be used for procuring Bast Fibre Extractor machine, preparing retting infrastructure, other inputs/incidentals like fuel, electricity, labour, etc. The remaining Rs.5000 may be used for monitoring, contingency, POL, visit of scientists, organizing farmers’ day, meeting, publication, etc. Number of demonstrations may be organised in a concentrated area so as to have an overall impact of the technology in that particular area.

 

6.2.2.2   The frontline demonstration will be organized by the ICAR Institute/SAU/KVK, etc. The concerned organization will submit the proposal as per guidelines to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The Directorate will coordinate and monitor the organization of frontline demonstration by the concerned organizations. The concerned organizations are required to submit monthly progress report and also final progress report along with the utilisation certificate after completion of the demonstration to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. For implementing and monitoring FLD, the concerned organization will formulate an Implementation and Monitoring Committee with the representative from the concerned Institute, representative from the Directorate of Agriculture of the concerned State and local agricultural offices, representative from Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata and other related organizations. The Committee will decide upon the programme as well as time to time monitor the progress of implementation of FLD. Since research is a ongoing process, time to time new varieties, new technologies are being developed by the Research Institute/SAU. As and when such new technologies are developed by the concerned Research Institute/SAU, the same technology will be included in the programme of FLD. For organizing FLD, latest farm implements, machineries may be required. Besides, subsequently new machineries may also be developed. The fund for such machineries may be provided under the programme. However, for this purpose a separate proposal is to be submitted for approval of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation. The selection of the farmers for FLD may be made by the concerned Institute in consultation with the Directorate of Agriculture  of the concerned State Government. A bench mark survey is to be conducted before taking of the trials which will include information on the crops and the cropping system of the area, the average yield level of the crop and the local practices adopted by the farmers. Information on the cost of cultivation may also be collected. An impact analysis after the harvest may be carried out. The yield level in the controlled plots is also to be collected and furnished.

 

6.2.3        National and State Level Training

Regular interaction of the scientists, development workers, subject matter specialists, agricultural extension officers is necessary for proper development of the crop. Besides, the subject matter specialists and agricultural extension officers of the state governments are also required to acquaint themselves with the latest development in jute sector as because they are to act very often as the trainer to the farmers. Accordingly, it is proposed to organise training programme on jute/mesta/ramie/sisal/sunnhemp production and retting technology including other related topics. The training programme will be participated by the agricultural extension officer, subject matter specialists of District/Block level of the state governments and also representative from some of the NGOs, especially associated in jute agricultural development activities. The National Level Training Programme may be organised by the ICAR Institutes like Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres (CRIJAF) and National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology (NIRJAFT) and also by SAU and such other organisation while the State Level Training Programme will be organised by the State Agricultural University, State Agriculture Directorate and KVK/NGO, etc. The aforesaid organisations will organise the training programme in collaboration with the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The National Level Training Programme will be of five days duration and the number of trainees will be 30.  The State Level Training Programme will be of three days duration and the number of trainees will be 20. An assistance of Rs.80000 per training will be provided for National Level Training Programme. For State Level Training Programme an assistance of Rs.40000 per training will be provided. The item-wise break-up of this amount is given hereunder:

 

Item

Amount (in Rupees)

National Level

State Level

1. Honorarium to Lecturer

(i)                  @ Rs.300/- per lecture for National Level for 25 lectures.

(ii)                @ Rs.200/- per lecture for State Level for 16 lectures.

 

 

7,500.00

 

3,200.00

2. Refreshment for Inaugural Session for 80 participants @ Rs. 30/- per head.

2,400.00

2,400.00

3. Boarding & Lodging for Trainees @ Rs. 300/-per head per day for 30 persons for 5 days for National Level and for 20 persons for 3 days for State Level.

45,000.00

18,000.00

4. Training Kits @ Rs. 350/-per kit.

10,500.00

7,000.00

5.  Contingencies including audiovisual arrangements, Field Visits, etc.

14,600.00

9,400.00

                     Total

80,000.00

40,000.00

 

The broad subjects to be covered in the programme are various specified technologies of the crop, such as production technology, retting technology, quality improvement technology, grading, seed production, plant protection, mechanisation for crop production/retting-extraction, etc. Besides, it may also cover information on development aspects of jute and allied fibres, traditional and diversified uses of raw jute, etc. The National Level Training Programme to be organised by NIRJAFT will mainly focus on quality improvement and grading including uses of raw jute, while all other organisations will focus mainly production and retting technology along with related topics.

 

The programme organising institutes like ICAR Institute/SAU/Directorate of Agriculture/KVK/NGO has to nominate a Course Coordinator to organise the programme in collaboration with the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The concerned organisation/institute is to submit a formal proposal as per guidelines for organising the training programme to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The Govt. of India will release the fund direct to the concerned institute/organisation on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The concerned organisation will submit the technical as well as financial progress report along with the utilisation certificate of fund to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata.

 

6.2.4        Publicity/ Monitoring/ Evaluation/ Seminar/ Meeting/ Workshop/ etc. by the Directorate of Jute Development,  Kolkata :

 

There is a provision for strengthening of  Directorate of Jute Development and the Crops Division of Department of Agriculture & Cooperation , foreign visits, sharing of technology of other countries for improving productivity and quality of produce and seed production as well as for monitoring the programme and carrying out publicity, contingency, etc. With this fund the Directorate of Jute Development will organize meeting, workshop, seminar, etc. bring out publications from time to time, provide TA/DA for the outside members of the National Level Monitoring Team, bear the expenditure for sharing of technology of other countries through visit and such other activities which will be taken up out of this fund. This apart, some strengthening work of the Directorate of Jute Development for better monitoring of the programme will also be taken up. Besides, the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation may also undertake evaluation studies with this fund.

 

6.2.5        Adaptive Trials/ research/Contract Farming:

 

 For making some of the technologies more effective, it is also proposed to try the technology in a consolidated area covering the entire village or panchayet. All the new technologies are proposed to be applied in such concentrated area to make the village/panchayet, a Model Jute Growing Area. The programme is proposed to be implemented through ICAR Institute/SAU/state governments/NGO/KVK or even directly by the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. Further detailed guidelines for implementing the programme will be formulated by the concerned organization in consultation with the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata.

 

Sometimes, it may be required to take some immediate adaptive trials on an urgent basis. This apart, some adaptive trials may also be required to take up in the farmers’ field. Accordingly,  it is proposed to provide  assistance  for such items under the programme. On area specific problems contract research will be given to public as well as private sector of repute on project basis. The programme is proposed to be implemented by the ICAR Institute/SAU/KVK/NGO, etc. The broad terms and condition will be as under:

 

i)                    The problems and objectives will be indicated;

ii)                   Time frame will be finalized;

iii)                 Cost of inputs and other ancillary activities will be provided;

iv)                 Lump sum Honorarium to the Project leader along with the supporting staff/SRF/JRF will be provided as per ICAR/SAU norms;

v)         Result of the project will be evaluated after completion of the work.

 

            The concerned organisation will submit a proposal to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The concerned organisation is to submit monthly progress report and lastly the final progress report along with the utilisation certificate to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata and also to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, New Delhi. The overall monitoring will be done by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation through the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata.  The concerned State Government are to be associated in the implementation as well as for monitoring of the programme.

 

7.    Review and Monitoring

            The implementation of the programmes of Mini Mission-II (MM-II) of the Jute Technology Mission (JTM) will be monitored by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation through the Directorate of Jute Development (DJD), Kolkata. All the concerned state governments and the organizations are to submit monthly report as well as final progress report to the DJD, Kolkata as well as to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, New Delhi. After the issue of administrative approval, one instalment of fund will be released to the concerned State. Subsequently, the fund will be released on the basis of the recommendation of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The officials of the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata as well as officials from the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, New Delhi will also make periodic visit to the concerned State/Organisation for reviewing the progress of implementation of the programme.  After obtaining the progress report from different States/Organisations by the DJD, Kolkata, it will submit a consolidated monthly/quarterly/annual progress report to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Govt. of India, New Delhi. The DJD will organise meeting/workshop/seminar with all the concerned state governments, concerned organisations and the other related organisations to review the progress of implementation of the programme, to discuss the constraints and also to formulate the next year’s programme. One such meeting/workshop may preferably be organised during June/July and the other during December/January. This apart, time to time similar meeting may also be organised as and when necessary. The overall monitoring/review of the programme will, however, subsequently is done by the Common Body (Empowered Committee) of the Jute Technology Mission. The state governments are to constitute a State Level Monitoring Committee to review and monitor the overall implementation of the  programme in the State and the Committee will meet from time to time to review and monitor the progress of the programme.

 

8.  National Level Monitoring Team

 

 In addition to the review and monitoring by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation through DJD, Kolkata, a National Level Monitoring Team will also be formulated by the DJD, Kolkata for different states. The National Level Monitoring Team (NALMOT) will also visit different states for reviewing and monitoring the progress of implementation of the programme. The NALMOT will consist of about four members. The Convenor of the Team will be from the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata. The concerned officer of the respective State Govt. will be associated with the team. The other two members will be from different organizations, like ICAR Institute/SAU/Retired Scientist/Retired Officer from the State Govt. of the Agriculture Department. Actual travelling cost, limited to 2nd AC rail fare of the members of the team other than the Central and State Governments will be borne by the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata out of the budget provision under publicity/monitoring, etc. component of Mini Mission-II. However, for the visit to the north eastern states by the Team Members from other states, the outside Member may be provided air fare to reach the State and come back. Besides these two members will also be provided DA or honorarium limited to Rs. 500 per day for a period not exceeding six days per visit. The members will reach the concerned state and the subsequent visit and other arrangement within the state will be arranged by the concerned state government.  The team after visiting the concerned state will submit a report to the Directorate of Jute Development, Kolkata.

 

 

 

 

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                                                                                                                       Annexure-I

 

Pattern of Financial Assistance on Various Components of Mini Mission – II of the Jute Technology Mission

 

 

Sl. No.

Component

Pattern of assistance

 

% Share of Central: State Govt.

I

Seed/ Planting Material

i) Production of Breeder Seed

100 % of cost limited to Rs.8000/q

100%

ii) Production of Foundation Seed

 50 % of cost limited to Rs.3000/q

100%

iii)Production of Certified Jute Seed/Quality Seed of Mesta/Sunnhemp

 25 % of cost limited to Rs.700/q

 

100%

iv) Distribution of Certified Jute Seed/Quality Seed of Mesta/ Sunnhemp

 50 % of cost limited to Rs.2000/q

 

90:10%

v) Distribution of Ramie Rhizome

Limited to Rs.1000/q

90:10%

vi) Distribution of Jute/Mesta Seed Minikit

Limited to Rs.60/minikit

100%

II

Implements

i) Multi-row Seed-drill

 

 

75 % of the cost limited to Rs.2500 per unit.

 

90:10%

ii) Wheel-hoe

75 % of cost limited to Rs.500 per unit

90:10%

iii) Ribboner

75 % of cost limited to Rs.1000 per unit

90:10%

iv)  Sprayer

 

50 % of cost limited to Rs. 1000 per sprayer.

90:10%

III

Technology Demonstration

i) Production Technology

 

 

Limited to Rs. 3000/ha for jute/mesta/sunnhemp and limited to Rs.10000/ha for ramie.

 

100%

ii) Retting Technology

Limited to Rs.2000 per demonstration.

100%

IV

Essential Nutrient Minikit

for Jute/Mesta and Ramie

Limited to Rs. 200 per minikit

90:10%

V

Foliar Spray of Urea

Limited to Rs. 200/ha

90:10%

VI

Distribution of  Soil Ameliorant

Limited to Rs.1000/ha

90:10%

 

 

 

Contd….

 

 

 

 

-2-

 

VII

Post Harvest Operation

i) Development of Retting Facility through Retting Scheme

 

Limited to Rs.5 lakh per scheme

 

 

90:10%

ii) Individual Kutcha Retting Tank of minimum size 10m x 10m x 2m

Limited to Rs.2500 per tank

 

90:10%

iii) Individual Pucca Retting Tank of minimum size 10m x 10m x 2m

Limited to Rs.20000 per tank

 

90:10%

iv) Distribution of Fungal Culture Packet of 500 gm each.

50 % of the cost limited to Rs.12 per packet

90:10%

v) Distribution of DAP- Molasses Kit

Limited to Rs.50 per packet

90:10%

vi) Distribution of Decorticator for Ramie

Limited to Rs.40000 per unit

 

90:10%

vii) Establishment for Degumming Unit for Ramie

Limited to Rs.20 lakh per unit

100%

VIII

Integrated Pest Management

Demonstration

Limited to Rs.15000 per programme covering at least 20 ha each.

100%

IX

Farmers Training

Organisation of Farmers Training of one day duration for a group of 50 farmers.

 

 

Limited to Rs.5,000/- per training

 

90:10%

X

Farmers  Visit

To meet the expenditure for travelling, boarding, lodging, etc. of farmers for a group of minimum 20 farmers.

 

Limited to Rs.60000 per visit.

 

90:10%

XI

Farmers’ Field School

To organised Farmers Field School during the crop seasons for about five months with at least one day programme each month with 50 farmers

 

Limited to Rs.25,000/- per programme

 

90:10%

 

 

 

Contd….

 

 

 

 

 

-3-

 

XII

Contingency to State Governments

Limited to Rs.4/ha for Jute/Mesta/Sunnhemp with a minimum of Rs.1 lakh per State and Rs.1 lakh per State for Ramie.

90:10%

XIII

Frontline Demonstration

Rs.5000 for Production Technology and lumpsum amount for other type of demonstration based on the type of demonstration as and when required.

 

100%

XIV

National  and State Level  Training

Limited to Rs.80000 for National  Level Programme and limited to Rs.40000 for State Level Programme.

100%

XV

Establishment of Model Ramie Farm

Limited to Rs.40 lakh per unit.

100%

XVI

Publicity/ Monitoring/ Evaluation/ Seminar/ Meeting/ Workshop, etc by the Directorate of Jute Development.

Lump sum grant limited to Rs.20 lakh per year.

100%

XVII

Adaptive Research/Farming

To undertake contract Research/ Farming programme under the Scheme

Lump Sum grant limited to Rs. 20 lakh per year

100%

XVIII

New Intervention

 Rs.48.50 lakh per year

 

90:10%

 

 

 

 

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